Gender in biodiversity

Edel-Quinn Agbaegbu

There is a global consensus that Science, Technology and Innovation can facilitate inclusive growth, sustainable development and militate against Climate change. Climate change which refers to a change in average weather conditions is caused by factors such as biotic processes and variations in solar radiation received by Earth. It has negative consequences with drastic impact on human life and the biodiversity. Today, certain human activities have been identified as primary causes of the ongoing climate change, also referred to as global warming.

Global warming is very significant in placing unprecedented pressure on human and the ecosystem, thereby generating the desire to build resilience into innovation and technology. Efforts have been made to integrate climate considerations directly into developmental activities through climate-resilient development; a framework to address climate change which is an innovative technology with the capacity for a socio-ecological system to maintain its function in the face of external stress imposed by climate change. These efforts have significantly improved sustainability, increased tolerance, and enhanced adaptability for lives to become resilient to changes. Still, there persists an urgent need to improve on ‘’Climate-Resilient Development: and explore gender considerations in managing the biodiversity.

Updates have revealed that understanding gender dynamics in sustainable biodiversity has become more essential, as since 2013 half of conservation agreements in this area are executed by women. Gender information being gathered by the consultants hired by CI-Peru, represents a key and developing the study is a valuable opportunity to integrate gender considerations in biodiversity initiatives.

Ensuring equal participation of men and women poses a major challenge, as men take most of the household decisions. Again, with few exceptions, women have little access to cash and depend economically on their husbands particularly those in emerging economies. This hinders their participation in discussions regarding conservation agreements benefits and implementation. Also, there is growing informality of labour, income inequality and humanitarian crises. These obstacles undermine women and make it harder for women to get an equal footing with men in the world of work and are even worsened through legal barriers which further compound gender inequalities. Tradition, cultural values and religion are being misused as tools all around the world to restrict women’s rights, entrench sexism and defend misogynistic practices.

Strategic actions such as conducting gender analysis and research to ascertain differences in values, roles and gender expertise should be part of gender-responsive measures to achieve the targets. Opportunity to strengthen emphasis and implementation of gender responsive approach presents at the global biodiversity conference, November, 2014.

We therefore extol this introduction to gender equality and biodiversity linkages in Gender Considerations and Biodiversity which are overviews of key gender elements under the Convention on Biological Diversity.



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